Choosing the right HTML5 framework can be a daunting task. Mobile compatibility, scalability, TV, embedded devices, browser, and extensibility are just a few things to consider. Start with jQuery and do your research. You CAN go wrong, so choose carefully. Let’s examine some of the choices.
jQuery UI — jQuery UI builds on jQuery to provide user interface behaviors (including drag and drop, resizing, selection and sorting); animations and transitions; advanced effects; and high-level, themeable user interface controls (e.g.: accordion, auto-complete, date picker, tabs, etc.).
jQTouch — jQTouch is a jQuery plugin from Sencha Labs targeting mobile web development and offering native animations, navigation and history management, and user interface themes for mobile WebKit browsers such as the iPhone, Nexus One, and Palm Pre. While jQTouch is well documented and easy to use, development has all but stopped and initial sample applications show that it is a bit buggy and even the sample applications have some performance issues.
KnockoutJS — Knockout simplifies the development of complex web application user interfaces by applying the Model-View-View Model pattern. It offers declarative bindings in the DOM; automatic wiring of these bindings to their backing view models; automatic UI refresh based on observable and dependent observable model properties; easy extensibility through custom bindings; and the ability to generate sophisticated nested UIs from templates dynamically based on model data. Knockout integrates with many popular web frameworks, supports all mainstream browsers, and allows developers to use their choice of template engines.
Angular — Angular is a web application framework similar to KnockoutJS. It provides declarative UI templates; two-way data binding; implements the MVC pattern; integrates with RESTful JSON services; and offers dependency injection. Developed by Google, its ambitious goal is to reimagine HTML markup as if it had been originally designed with dynamic applications in mind. Like KnockoutJS (and unlike Sencha Touch), it does not provide a library of user interface controls, but instead focuses on generating and updating HTML from templates driven by application data.
Move on to HTML5 for the Enterprise, Part 4: Mobile HTML5